titis media is the technical name for a middle ear infection
. In order to understand where a middle ear infection
occurs, you need to understand the way the ear
works. The way the ear
works is sound comes in through the ear
canal, hits the ear
drum and goes through the three bones of hear
The first bone of hearing is called the malleus, the second bone is the incus and the third bone of hearing is the stapes. The stapes or third bone of hearing interfaces with the hearing organ, called the cochlea.
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The symptoms of an ear infection in adults are: Earache (either a sharp, sudden pain or a dull, continuous pain) A sharp stabbing pain with immediate warm drainage from the ear canal. A feeling of fullness in the ear.
The treatment of a middle ear infection depends on how bad the symptoms are and what’s causing the infection. Many infections will go away on their own and the only treatment necessary is medication for pain. Up to 80% of ear infections may go away without antibiotics.
Drugs, including acetaminophen (Tylenol) and ibuprofen (Advil), help many adults with ear infections treat the pain associated with the accompanying inflammation.
Apply a warm cloth or warm water bottle to the affected ear.
Use over-the-counter pain relief drops for ears. Or, ask the provider about prescription eardrops to relieve pain.
Take over-the-counter medicines such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen for pain or fever. DO NOT give aspirin to children.
The exact treatment for your ear infection will depend on the type of infection you have. In general, if your symptoms don’t get better in 48 to 72 hours, contact your health care provider. Middle ear infections can cause long-term problems if not treated.
Cochlea means snail shell in Greek and you can see it’s shaped like a snail shell. Within that, there are little receptor cells that receive the sound,turn it into a nerve signal and send the message to the brain.
When a patient gets otitis media or middle ear infection, it occurs because the Eustachian tube becomes blocked. The way the Eustachian tube becomes blocked is there’s typically a infection in the back of the nose. This leads to swelling and the tube becomes swollen shut.
The lining of the middle ear where the ear bones is needs air and what it does is it removes all the air and leads to a vacuum. That vacuum leads to drawing fluid into the middle ear. That fluid is infected and thus, you have an infection in the middle ear, and this is what is called otitis media.
This most commonly leads to a fever, pain and fullness and decreased hearing in the ear.