What is Herpes? A variety of diseases caused by viruses in the Herpesveridae family fall under the name herpes.
Different types affect both animals and humans.
In humans, Herpes veridae cause oral and genital herpes, chickenpox and shingles, cytomegalo virus, infectious mononucleosis, and Kaposi’s sarcomaand other cancers.[ms_panel title=”People also ask” title_color=”#000″ border_color=”#ddd” title_background_color=”#f5f5f5″ border_radius=”0″ class=”” id=””] [ms_accordion style=”simple” type=”1″ class=”” id=””] [ms_accordion_item title=”What are the first signs of herpes?” color=”” background_color=”” close_icon=”” open_icon=”” status=”close”]During the first attack, the early symptoms of genital herpes include the following: [ms_list_item]Fever & flu-like symptoms.[/ms_list_item] [ms_list_item] Nausea or feeling sick.[/ms_list_item] [ms_list_item]Muscle aches.[/ms_list_item] [ms_list_item]Painful urination.[/ms_list_item] [ms_list_item]Tingling, burning or itching sensation in the area where blisters will appear.[/ms_list_item] [/ms_accordion_item] [ms_accordion_item title=”Can herpes be cured?” color=”” background_color=”” close_icon=”” open_icon=”” status=”close”]Can herpes be cured? There is no cure for herpes. However, there are medicines that can prevent or shorten outbreaks. One of these anti-herpes medicines can be taken daily, and makes it less likely that you will pass the infection on to your sex partner(s).[/ms_accordion_item] [ms_accordion_item title=”What causes herpes?” color=”” background_color=”” close_icon=”” open_icon=”” status=”close”]Two types of herpes simplex virus infections can cause genital herpes: HSV-1. This is the type that usually causes cold sores or fever blisters around your mouth. HSV-1 is often spread through skin-to-skin contact, though it can be spread to your genital area during oral sex.[/ms_accordion_item][ms_accordion_item title=”What is the difference between a cold sore and herpes?” color=”” background_color=”” close_icon=”” open_icon=”” status=”close”]They’re different from canker sores, which are ulcers that occur in the soft tissue inside the mouth. The culprit responsible for cold sores is the herpes simplex virus, which comes in two flavors. Garden variety cold sores are usually caused by type 1, while type 2 is commonly the villain behind genital sores.[/ms_accordion_item][ms_accordion_item title=”Is a cold sore a STD?” color=”” background_color=”” close_icon=”” open_icon=”” status=”close”] They are caused by the herpes simplex virus. There are two kinds of herpes virus: HSV-1, which is usually not an STD and occurs on the lip, and HSV-2, which usually causes herpes genitalis, which is essentially an STD in the genital area. Both viruses can be transmitted by saliva, body secretions or oral sex[/ms_accordion_item][ms_accordion_item title=”Do cold sores mean you have an STD?” color=”” background_color=”” close_icon=”” open_icon=”” status=”close”] Having a cold sore does mean that you are carrying the herpes simplex virus. … See, the herpes virus comes in a couple of strains, and they’re both super common. The first type, HSV-1, is the main cause of cold sores in the mouth area. (That’s why some people call it “oral herpes.”)[/ms_accordion_item][ms_accordion_item title=”Would I know if I had herpes?” color=”” background_color=”” close_icon=”” open_icon=”” status=”close”] Most people who have genital herpes have no symptoms, or have very mild symptoms. … Because of this, most people who have herpes do not know it. Herpes sores usually appear as one or more blisters on or around the genitals, rectum or mouth. The blisters break and leave painful sores that may take a week or more to heal[/ms_accordion_item] [/ms_accordion] [/ms_panel]
Eight viruses in this family can cause disease in humans, and all produce life-long infections, though they may produce symptoms only sporadically or be asymptomatic.
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) I and II are responsible for oral and genital infections, with HSV-I more likely to cause orofacial symptoms and HSV-II more likely to cause genital symptoms.
Both viruses infect the nervous system.
If symptomatic, they produce small painful blisters on the affected area that become scabs as they heal.
Both types are transmitted through skin-to-skin contact with an infected person.
Varicella zoster virus (VZV) causes chickenpox and shingles, and it is also called herpes zoster.
Chickenpox begins as a rash, which is followed by the formation of small, itchy blisters on the body and scalp.
It is contagious and remains in the nervous system for life, though it rarely has serious complications.
VZV infection is typically more serious in adults than in children, and it may progress to shingles, which is characterized by headache,malaise, fever, and pain, in addition to blisters.
In severe cases, the patient may develop postherpeutic neuralgia, characterized by long-lasting, severe pain that is often difficult to manage.
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is extremely common,but usually asymptomatic.
It most often causes infectious mononucleosis(mono), which presents as sore throat, fever, and fatigue.
Infectious mononucleosis is spread via salivaand is self-limiting, meaning it can usually be resolved without treatment.
Rare and potentially fatal complications occurin 5% of all cases.
EBV and Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus(KSHV), which causes Kaposi’s sarcoma and other tumors, both affect the immune systemand remain in the B-cells while latent.
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) causes symptoms similarto infectious mononucleosis, and is spread through bodily fluids.
It is treated with an immunoglobulin injection,sometimes in combination with an antiviral.
Roseolovirus, also spread through bodily fluids,is the cause of the childhood disease rolseola, characterized by rash, high fever, respiratorysymptoms, irritability, and decreased appetite.
Roseola usually resolves on its own.
Both CMV and roseolovirus reside in the T-cellsof the immune system when latent, and both can be life-threatening in infants and patientswith compromised immune systems Visit the website.