Acute Urticaria Acute urticaria is a type of urticaria, with or without angioedema, that is present on the body for less than 6 weeks.
It often disappears from the skin within minutes to few hours.
1 in 5 children or adults have an acute urticaria during their lifetime and affects all races and both sexes.
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Urticaria, also known as hives
, is an outbreak of swollen, pale red bumps or plaques (wheals) on the skin that appear suddenly — either as a result of the body’s reaction to certain allergens, or for unknown reasons. Hives usually cause itching, but may also burn or sting.
Hives appear as a rapidly spreading, red-raised and itchy rash in splotches or all over the body. Caused by an allergic reaction to medications and food, hives can be a sign of a life-threatening problem when accompanied by difficulty breathing and a drop in blood pressure.
Health-related causes. Along with your body’s natural circadian rhythms, a number of different health conditions can cause itchy skin to become worse at night. … skin diseases such as atopic dermatitis (eczema), psoriasis, and hives. bugs like scabies, lice, bed bugs, and pinworms.
Dozens of infections can cause hives, including throat, stomach, and genital or urinary (genitourinary) tract infections; fungal infections; mononucleosis; and hepatitis. The common cold often causes hives in children. Hives aren’t directly caused by the infectious organism, as in chickenpox or cellulitis.
You should go to the emergency room (ER) for an allergic reaction right away if any of the following symptoms are present: a rash, such as hives. nausea and vomiting. swelling of the eyes.
Hives are red, swollen, itchy bumps on the skin. … Others notice hives popping up on their skin on a more regular basis. Chronic hives may be due to an immune response, which is triggered by factors like heat, extreme exercise, or alcohol use. Stress can also cause hives, and can make hives you already have even worse.
Symptoms of Acute Urticaria Wheals can be a few millimeters or several centimeters in diameter, with or without a red flare.
Each wheal may last a few minutes or several hours, and may change shape.
Weals may be round, or form rings, a map-like pattern or giant patches.
Acute urticaria can affect any site of the body and tends to be distributed widely.
Causes of Acute Urticaria Acute urticaria can be induced by: food allergy – usually milk, egg, peanut, shellfish etc.
Drug allergy, Vaccination or bee or wasp stings.
Widespread reaction following localized contact urticaria – e.g.
Severe allergic urticaria may lead to anaphylactic shock.
Diagnoses of Acute Urticaria Acute urticaria is diagnosed in people with a short history of weals that last less than 24 hours, with or without angioedema.
A thorough physical examination should be undertaken to look for underlying causes.
Treatment for Acute Urticaria The cause of urticaria should be eliminated if known.
Cool the affected area with a fan, cold flannel, ice pack or soothing moisturizing lotion.
Calamine lotion can be applied over the affected area to soothe away the itching and burning.